Second Peter Three
I am Jessie Mills, Ph.D.
Child & Adult Clinical Psychology - Mills

Second Peter Three


First writing, 1976


Second Peter Three–Jewish holocaust or end of the universe?  Before such a text as this is dealt with, there needs to be serious study done in the following areas of scriptural evidences:


  I.       The Promise of a Prophet like Moses

 II.       The Test of a Prophet

III.       The Time Limitation of Prophecy

IV.       Jesus, the Last King, the Last Priest, the Last Prophet

 V.       Were the Apostles Ever Considered as being Both Apostles and Prophets?



In keeping with 2 Cor. 4:2, “…not adulterating the Word of God, but by the manifestation of truth...” (KJV) and 2 Pet. 1:20, “ prophecy of scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation,” I shall proceed to show the message that Peter sent to the Jewish Christians who lived outside Israel, its purpose, and end results.

This was not written indignantly.  I offer indubitable scripture and historical evidence.  I am well aware of the many ideas already taught in regard to 2 Peter 3. Some come close, but then add either emotional opinions, or universal climax.  I am further aware that men demand their rights, privileges, and opinions be respected.  Yet, the same turn and negate the rights and privileges of others.  And yet, I say, prove me wrong in the scriptural use in this lesson or any other, and I will repent!


I. The Promise of a Prophet Like Moses, Deut. 18:15


“The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him.”


A. Genesis 49:10ff, “The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the rulers staff from between his feet until Shiloh comes.”

B. 1 Corinthians 10:4, “and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ.”

C. Deuteronomy 19:15, “a single witness shall not rise up against a man on account of any iniquity or any sin which he has committed; on the evidence of two or three witnesses a matter shall be confirmed.”

D. I have therefore submitted the required three (3) witnesses who give inexpugnable evidence of Christ becoming a prophet.


II. The Test of a Prophet


Deuteronomy 18:22, “When a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, if the thing does not come about or come true, that is the thing which the Lord has not spoken.  The prophet has spoken presumptuously; you shall not be afraid of him.”


A. Deut. 18:20, “But the prophet who shall speak a word presumptuously in my name which I have not commanded him to speak, or which he shall speak in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die.”

B. Zech. 13:1-3, v. 3, “And it will come about that if anyone still prophesies, then his father and mother...will say to him, ‘You shall not live, for you have spoken falsely in the name of the Lord;’ and his father and mother who gave birth to him will pierce him through with the sword when he prophesies.”

C. Matthew 5:17, “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish, but fulfill.”

D. Luke 22:37, “For I tell you, that which is written must be fulfilled in me.”


III. The Time Limitation of Prophecy


Jesus gives the time limitation for all prophecy.  Luke 21:20ff, verse 20, “But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then recognize that her desolation is at hand.”


A. Isaiah 25:1-5, verse 2 is an oracle against the temple, “For Thou has made a city into a heap, a fortified city into a ruin; a palace of strangers is a city no more, it will never be rebuilt.”

B. Isaiah 62:10-11, “Go through, go through the gates; clear the way for the people; Build up, build up the highway; remove the stones, lift up a standard over the peoples; behold the Lord has proclaimed to the end of the earth...”

C. Colossians 1:5-6, “because of the hope laid up for you in the heaven, of which you previously heard in the word of truth, the gospel, which has come to you, just as in all the world also.”

D. Colossians 1:23, “and not moved away from the hope of the gospel that you have heard, which was proclaimed in all creation under heaven.”

E. Luke 21:22, “because these are the days of vengeance, in order that all things which are written may be fulfilled.”

F. Luke 21:32, “Truly I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all things take place”

G. Zechariah 14:1-9, verse 2, “For I will garner all the nations against Jerusalem to battle.”  Verse 9, “And the Lord will be King over all the earth; in that day the Lord will be the only one, and His name the only one.”

H. Luke 24:44, “Now He said to them, ‘These are my words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about me in the law of Moses and the prophets and the psalms must be fulfilled...”

I. Revelation 21:6, “It is done”


IV. Jesus the Last King, the Last Priest, the Last Prophet. 


Mat. 2:2, “Where is He that is born King of the Jews?.”


A. Jesus the Last King

1. Matthew 21:4-5, “Now this took place that what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, ‘Say to the daughter of Zion, behold your King is coming to you.’”

2. Matthew 25:34, “Then the King will say to those on His right...”

3. Zechariah 14:9, “And the Lord will be King over all the earth…”

B. Jesus the Last Priest

1. Hebrews 5:5ff “So also Christ did not glorify Himself so as to become a high priest.”

2. Psalms 110:1-4, verse 4. “The Lord has sworn and will not change His mind, Thou art a priest forever.”

3. Hebrews 2:17, “Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.”  See also Hebrews 4:14-15.

C. Jesus the Last Prophet

1. John 13:19, “From now on I am telling you before it comes to pass so that when it does occur, you may believe that I am He.”

2. John 16:1-4, verse 4, “But these things I have spoken to you, that when their hour comes, you may remember that I told you of them.”

3. Luke 21, Matthew 24.


V. Were the Apostles Considered as being both Apostles and Prophets?


Matthew 4:13-22, verse 17, “From that time Jesus began to preach…”


A. Matthew 4:19, “And He said to them, ‘Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men [preachers].”

B. Matthew 10:1-7, “disciples,” verse 7, “And as you go, preach saying, the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”

C. Method of Preaching.  Matthew 10:9-20, verse 20, “For it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.”

D. Ecclesiastes 1:9, “…there is no new thing under the sun.”  Therefore, the apostles taught what had already been foretold by the prophets.  Acts 26:19-22, verse 22, “And so, having obtained help from God, I stand to this day testifying both to small and great, teaching nothing but what the prophets and Moses said was going to take place...”

E. In addition to having the Old Testament to teach from, Christ Himself foretold of future events which were eminent and at hand, John 13:19, John 16:1-4, John 16:25.”

F. John, 16:13, “but when He, the Spirit of Truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come.”

G. John 14:26, “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all I have said to you.”

H. Each apostle, in writing, referred to himself as an apostle of Jesus Christ.  In no place, does he call himself a prophet, especially, since the Spirit would bring to them remembrance of what Jesus taught them through prophecy of His own, and of those before Him.  Prophets foretold long range distant events.  Christ followed the prophets’ pattern, except to say, in Matthew 5:17, “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill.”


VI. Second Peter Three


2 Peter 3:1-2, “This is now, beloved, the second letter I am writing to you in which I am stirring up your sincere minds by way of reminder, that you should remember the words spoken beforehand by the holy prophets and the commandment of the Lord and Savior spoken by your apostles.”


A. Peter is honest in addressing himself as an apostle, and not a prophet.  However, if the events that Peter reminds the people of which the ancient prophets foretold are not yet fulfilled, then Peter was misled, for indeed, he would have been an outstanding prophet foretelling events nearly 2,000 years future.  We could stop here, and all the facts regarding Peter’s message to the Jews in regard to their persecution as Christians, and the destruction of Israel would be proven.  However, we will continue.

B. 2 Peter 3:7, “But the present heavens and earth by His word are being reserved for fire, kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.”; [heaven–Greek–“ouranos”–In the present life heaven is the region of the spiritual citizenship of believers, Phil. 3:20. The present heavens with the earth are to pass away (2 Pet. 3:10; Rev. 20:11) and new heavens and earth are to be created, 2 Peter 3:13; Rev. 21:1; Isa. 65:17 Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon.] Greek “ouranos”–Heaven, where angels abide in the presence of God, Vine’s, p. 209.

C. Earth.  Greek “ge” –In contrast with this subject, and in keeping with all prophecy and examples and patterns, Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon, page 115 makes the following statement:  Article 5, “A country, land enclosed within fixed boundaries, a tract of land, territory, region.  Simply, when it is plain from the context land is meant, as that of the Jews.”

D. Dear Reader, please read and check out the same language as is found in 2 Peter 3 is also in Isaiah 13:1-19. Notice verse 10, heaven (Greek “ouranos”).  Then notice verse 13, “earth” (Greek “ge”).  In this context, it simply means the land of Babylon, and it tells you as much.

E. Therefore, Jesus tells us as much in Luke 21:20-32 of Israel and Jerusalem.  Notice Zechariah 13:1-9, Daniel 7:1-25, Daniel 9:24-27, and Daniel 12:1-13. All the prophets speak of the same event–the passing of Judaism and destruction of Israel.

F. In some cases, and especially in this case, we need to go to the root use of words and events.  So, in Deuteronomy 28:49-68, we have the prophet Moses foretelling this very event.  Each prophet, each preacher, was to apply the end to the Jewish calamity, and only God could give additional information regarding this event, as so amply done in Malachi 4:1 -6. Now, read Matthew 11:12-14!




Article 1. Without any doubt, Moses was the first prophet listed.  He foretold of the destruction of Israel.  It is clear, Jesus was the last Prophet.  He told of the same destruction, and said it was at hand, and gave signs that people would recognize that the time was near, and even gave a time limitation, Luke 21:32....”this generation.”


Article 2. Test of a prophet.  To be sure, from Moses to Christ, each in his order the prophet passed the test that God required.  However, Peter does not pass the test!  There are some reasons why.  They are:

A. Peter, as an apostle, spoke the things in which the Holy Spirit brought to his remembrance, as to the event.  Christ had already spoken of what was at hand, John 14:26.

B. Secondly, many people today preach and write in regard to Peter foretelling the coming of Christ in the annihilation of the universe, i.e., the end of the World.  Peter has failed the test since what he spoke of has not come to pass, if indeed he foretold the end of the Christian age.  He is in violation of Deuteronomy 18:20, “But the prophet who shall speak a word presumptuously in my name which I have not commanded him to speak, or which he shall speak in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die.’ “(Emphasis was added.)  See also verse 22.

C. Thirdly, Peter was not a prophet.  He did not make that claim.  Therefore, Peter spoke of events in progress [at hand].  For Jesus stated in Luke 21:20-22 that when Jerusalem was destroyed that all things written would be fulfilled.  This included the book of Revelation, whether it was written early or late.

D. Fourthly, time limitation–Luke 21:20-22–when Jerusalem was destroyed.  In 1 Peter 1:4-7, Peter speaks of salvation ready to be revealed at the last time [the end].  Also, he speaks of the coming of the Lord.  Now, if this is not fulfilled, then we are without salvation!

E. 1 Peter 1:13. Grace is to be brought to us at the coming of Christ.  Is this passage fulfilled?  If not, we are without grace.  It is reasonable then to say that if 1 Peter is fulfilled, then 2 Peter is also.

F. Revelation 1:11, “Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches.  Revelation 19:7, John saw Christ taking the church as His bride.  “Has come” is past tense.  “His bride has” (past tense, Rev. 21:2)  “...made ready as a bride adorned for her husband” (Rev. 21:6)  “It is done”  Every book has had its fulfillment.  Romans 12:2–prove.  Eph. 5:17–learn.


Philippians 2:1– consolation, affection, compassion.

Prophecy began with the first prophet [Moses].  Prophecy ended with the last prophet [Jesus].  Therefore, neither Paul nor Peter could speak beyond what the prophets had already said would take place in the last days of the last prophet, Jesus.  Both Paul, in Acts 26:22, and Peter, in 2 Peter. 1:21-22 make this fact known.  “…that in us ye might learn not to go beyond the things which are written...” 1 Corinthians 4:6, ASV.

Dear reader, after reading this proposition, I pray that you will read and study the following passages, which I hope will fill your heart with compassion:


1. Genesis 8:2l God makes an oath to Himself, “never again”

2. Ecclesiastes 1:4 “earth remains forever.”

3. Psalms 78:69  “Like the earth which He has founded forever”

4. Psalms 93:1, “The world established will not be moved.”

5. Psalms 104:5, “He established the earth upon its foundations so that it will not totter forever and ever.

6. Psalms 119:90 “Thou didst establish the earth and it stands.”

7. Psalms 148:1, The entities named here are to praise the Lord.  They were established forever.  The decree referred to is in Genesis 8:21.

8. Daniel 7:14 “…His dominion is an everlasting dominion which will not pass away.  And His kingdom is one which will not be destroyed.”

9. Revelation 1:6, people, and only living people make up the kingdom or Church of Christ.





  1. New American Standard Bible

  2. Old King James Bible

  3. Syriac Peshitta Bible

  4. Vine’s Theological Dictionary

  5. Analytical Greek Lexicon

  6. Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon

  7. Wigram’s Greek Lexicon

  8. The RSV Interlinear, Marshall

  9. The Christian System, A. Campbell

10. Redating the New Testament, John A. T. Robinson

11. Young ‘s Analytical Concordance

12. Adam Clarke, vol. 6, 1832 edition

13. The Apostle, Sholem Asch, translated 1943, Maurice Samuel, First Century.

14. The Parousia, J. Stuart Russell

15. The Catholic Encyclopedia, verse 11, article–Peter

16. Guizot’s Ancient History, 1844 edition

17. Biblical Hermeneutics, Milton S. Terry

18. The Golden Bough

19. The Torah

20. The Essential Talmud

21. Before Jerusalem Fell, Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr.


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© Copyright 2015 by Jessie Mills. All Rights Reserved by the author, Jessie E. Mills, Jr. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, or otherwise, without the prior express written permission of the publisher, except for brief quotations in critical reviews or other publications. Such quotations must be used with proper reference to their context and give appropriate credit to their authorship.